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考研英语段落排序完型填句题重要素材

时间: 2014-12-23 作者:医学考研网 点击:

  英语一今年必考段落排序题和完型填句(段)题,两种题型形式看似不同,解题思路实则相同。这两种题型全部做对可能性较低,但是获取8分是考生们的目标。拿分策略如下:以最快速度记忆,然后默写。这些材料在考试中,可以作为有效论证或原因分析的材料,帮助我们快速写好第二段或第三段。

  以下提供考前需要背诵的重要素材,希望能够帮助到大家:

  重点主题1:个人品质

  主要论述某种品质的重要作用,比如独立能力(the ability of independence)适应环境(adaptation to the environment)、坚持(persistence)、创新(creativity/innovation)、勇气/胆识(courage)等。这类主题既可单独考,也可以融合到其他主题中做论据。(提示:英一和英二都要重视)

  To begin with, "主题词" should always play a significant role in our life and work. All of us are eager to be successful in whatever we do. In fact, only those who have the ability of主题词 in doing enough to encounter challenges of all sorts are most likely to reach the summit of success.

  Furthermore, the 主题词 also spirits the young people up, keeps them mentally vigorous and endows them the power of solving any problems in the way to the success. According to a report released recently by Chinese Institute for Educational Research, most successful entrepreneurs such as Ma Yun ascribe their achievement to some important traits, with 主题词 being one of them.(提示:观点1主题的重要性;观点2编一个统计调查)

  According to Theory of Need put forward by the famous modern psychologist Maslow, everyone has the need for love/self-esteem/self-actualization/success. It is out of dispute that主题词as a key factor to our success both in study and work contributes greatly to this …. (提示:马斯洛需求理论可以通用在品质类的任何具体话题中。)

  重点主题2:可持续发展(sustainable development)(节约、资源保护、低碳生活)(提示:英语一/二都可用)

  以下以节约为例给出论证素材,同类话题可以直接改写套用

  Thrift, as is known to all, is considered one of the merits that we should have. It is this merit that helps to reduce the amount of time/money/space consumed in our daily life. A community with clear awareness of saving water/… is always praised as a highly civilized society and a good model for others to learn from. (提示:节约的意义)

  Waste, as is known to all, is one of the poor habits we should not have. It is this habit that definitely results in the extravagance of natural resource/limited time/money. A community with vague or even no awareness of thrift is undoubtedly a lowly civilized society and is surely to be regarded as a negative case to learn a lesson from. The waste and extravagance have become increasingly serious in China. We can often encounter a scene where papers, bottles and cans are thrown away after use, food is wasted just because of poor taste, or clothes are discarded simply due to their old fashion. Not only do we squander things and money, but also we lose our sense of conservation. (提示:浪费的害处)

  核心表达:节约:save, cherish, thrift(n.), conservation(n.); 浪费:waste, squander, extravagance(n.);emission of carbon碳排放;low carbon life低碳生活,carbon dioxide 二氧化碳,green economy 绿色经济,the amount of carbon emission 碳排放量,water shortage 水资源短缺,green waste pick-ups 绿色垃圾回收

  重点主题3:新通讯科技 VS. 传统媒介

  这类话题考查角度包括信息安全、网络谣言、疏远人际关系等社会热点;也可以与经济、教育相关,如互联网教育、网络消费等

  角度1:(提示:分析信息需要甄别的原因;迁移到学习上,先筛选知识,再进行学习)

  The advanced network technology has provided people with such convenient communication tools as BBS, Micro blogs, QQ, and e-mail, which will promote the spread/diffusion of false information or even rumors. So, each day a large number of messages through different means of information are sent. Some of them are real and valuable, and some of them false and misleading. Judged from this respect, to build up the ability of filter out the useful information is the key factor to enhance the effective process of information.

  Overwhelmed by the ever-increasing knowledge, we cannot help considering how to choose the knowledge we really need and absorb it in as effective a manner as possible. The answer is, surely, to establish and specify the standards of the knowledge we seek for, search out the categories of information according to the standards, and make the judgment which categories are the needy ones before we go to details.

  角度2:理性对待通讯设备

  First of all, although cell phones really provide us with entertainment, relaxation and so on, excessive reliance on the cell phones weakens relationships by reducing and sometimes eliminating normal opportunities for talking, for communicating, which is so important in maintaining the healthy relationship between friends, family and so on. Thus, it will make people mentally farther and farther away from each other.

  Next, undeniably, the cell phone gives us rich information/great convenience/instant communication/…, however, we can easily find the more we depend on …, the less able we become to acquire more information/greater convenience/deep communication independently. The excessive use of "cell phone" distorts the sense of time, and renders other experiences vague and curiously unreal.

  核心表达:

  immense information信息海洋,a great amount knowledge大量知识,rumor谣言,filter out筛选,make the judgment判断;cell phone手机,micro blog微博,micro message微信,a crazy cell phone user手机控(提示:核心表达)

  重点主题4:社会公德(诚信、信任)

  一些社会敏感的事件,比如老人摔倒扶不扶、产品质量等,不会直接出现来考,但可以以其他与大学生生活联系紧密的社会现象出现。但本质都一样,谈论公德/诚信/信任对社会的价值,或者公德/诚信/信任缺失的危害。

  论述素材:

  Our Chinese have carried on the social virtues, such as respecting and caring the old, helping each other, since ancient times, surely with主题词 being one of them. So we, as a young generation who would determine our national development, are supposed and expected to carry on these distinguished traditions. But unfortunately, social morality of some people seems to be decaying. Such behaviors as picking flowers in public gardens, throwing garbage from the higher flats of tall buildings and readily damaging public utilities are becoming so common that they are often taken for granted.

  The best way,in my opinion, is to enhance the education on ethic and moral. Parents and teachers should bear greater responsibility in educating our children how to behave properly in society. On the other hand, the media should strengthen the propaganda to remind people of the importance of good morality in society. Social moral standards should be highly advocated and made known to every citizen so that they can observe them voluntarily. 中心句

  核心表达:

  social/commercial morality社会/商业道德,social civilization社会文明,uncivilized behaviors不文明行为, morality decline/collapse道德倒退/丧失,mutual trust互相信任,the old and infirm年老体弱的人,the pregnant 怀孕的人,lack the awareness of缺少……的意识,litter casually随意丢垃圾, spit吐痰,traditional virtue传统美德,harmonious society和谐社会,damage public utilities破坏公共设施,promote propagandas on ... 加强宣传

  重点主题5:经济相关类

  核心表达:

  solid economic foundation 稳固的经济基础,national economic power/strength国家经济实力,policy guarantee政策保障,the quality of life生活品质,the improvement of living level生活水平提高,enrich people's life丰富生活,broaden our horizon开阔视野,enrich our knowledge of world cultures增长世界文化知识,promote understanding among different peoples促进不同民族的理解

  论述素材:

  (1)经济发展为基础:

  The fast development in economy lays a hard financial basis for citizens to…

  Economic development is the prerequisite and driving force for household consumption居民消费/employment就业/technological innovation技术创新/cultural prosperity文化繁荣/cultural exchange文化交流….

  (2)促进消费:

  A considerable number of Chinese people can afford the once-deemed-expensive ….

  The important role played by …has been more and more realized by citizens in the current society. Undoubtedly, this increasing awareness contributes to the enlargement of …market.

  (3)质量需求推动

  Driven by their need to improve their quality of life, XX choose to …. Apparently, by doing…, they can not only obtain the financial benefit but also the practical experience.

  Quality is always considered as the most important determining factor to the sale. The improving quality and good evaluation of … attract an increasing number of buyers.

  (4)政策引导与支持:

  Our country makes efforts/spends no efforts to formulate some preferential policies to promote …, which encourages XX to make this choice.

  The support and guidance of policies concerned are the integral part in national macro-control.

  (5)科技角度:

  Science and technology are the primary productive forces and have been playing a key role in the national economy development.

  Progress in science and technology has promoted economic and social progress greatly.

  (6)竞争与压力:

  With the competition in our country becoming increasingly fierce and under the heavy pressure of … (eg. employment; living a better life; finding a gainful job), an increasing number of … try their utmost to meet the demand of ….

  1.利用代词指代,最少可以搞定4分;

  2.利用转折关联,搞定2分

  3.其余两个空格,直接选一个肯定入选但不确定具体位置的答案,搞定2分。

  各位同学要认真记忆核心论证素材和句子,以便考试中遇到相似情境,节省考试时的宝贵时间。医学考研网预祝大家完胜考研,金榜题名!

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